Pedosphere 33(1): 34--48, 2023
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2023 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Rice straw recycling: A sustainable approach for ensuring environmental quality and economic security
Anjani KUMAR1, Amaresh Kumar NAYAK1, Sandeep SHARMA2, Ansuman SENAPATI1, Debasis MITRA1, Bipasa MOHANTY1, Seenichamy Rathinam PRABHUKARTHIKEYAN1, Kuttalingam Gopalasubramanian SABARINATHAN3, Indra MANI4, Rajendra Singh GARHWAL5, Sugitha THANKAPPAN6, Mahapatra Smruthi SAGARIKA1, Sergio DE LOS SANTOS-VILLALOBOS7, and Periyasamy PANNEERSELVAM1
1 Crop Production Division, Indian Council of Agricultural Research(ICAR)-National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack, Odisha 753006(India)
2 Department of Soil Science, Punjab Agricultural University, Punjab 141027(India)
3 Department of Plant Pathology, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Killikulam, Tuticorin 628252(India)
4 Division of Agricultural Engineering, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110012(India)
5 Collage of Agriculture, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar, Haryana 125004(India)
6 School of Agriculture and Biosciences, Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641141(India)
7 Laboratorio de Biotecnología del Recurso Microbiano, Instituto Tecnológico De Sonora, Sonora 85000(México)
      One of the major challenges in Asian countries is the effective management of rice straw. To ensure food security for their ever-growing population, Asian countries grow more rice, leading to increasing rice straw generation. Burning of rice straw, a common practice, is detrimental to both environmental and human health. However, if managed effectively, rice straw has the potential to safeguard the sustainability of agricultural ecosystems and to uplift the economic security of the population depending on rice farming. Judicious management of rice straw involving minimum soil disturbance along with retention of residues alters the soil carbon cycle through reduced carbon emissions and increased levels of total soil organic carbon. Several alternative uses of rice straw, such as production of livestock feed, bioethanol, biochar, biogas, electricity, mushroom, and paper, can add prosperity to rice farmers’ life by fetching extra income. It is evident that efficient management of rice straw is of enormous economic value. Therefore, it is essential to create awareness among the different rice stakeholders of these alternative economic avenues associated with rice straw. This review is an attempt to provide effective options for sustainable rice straw management and rice straw value chains for harnessing its economic potential. It further identifies gaps in our understanding of the effects of rice straw on ecological sustainability, particularly concerning the multifaceted connections between the diverse mechanisms of rice agro-ecosystems, which may greatly influence food security in the 21st century.
Key Words:  microorganism,residue management,rice straw burning,rotation,tillage,value addition
Citation: Kumar A, Nayak A K, Sharma S, Senapati A, Mitra D, Mohanty B, Prabhukarthikeyan S R, Sabarinathan K G, Mani I, Garhwal R S, Thankappan S, Sagarika M S, de los Santos-Villalobos S, Panneerselvam P. 2023. Rice straw recycling: A sustainable approach for ensuring environmental quality and economic security. Pedosphere. 33(1): 34-48.
View Full Text

Copyright © 2024 Editorial Committee of PEDOSPHERE. All rights reserved.
Address: P. O. Box 821, 71 East Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008, China    E-mail:
Technical support: Beijing E-Tiller Co.,Ltd.