Pedosphere 32(6): 803--811, 2022
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2022 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Effect of indaziflam on microbial activity and nitrogen cycling processes in an orchard soil
Amir M. GONZÁLEZ-DELGADO1, Pierre-André JACINTHE2, Manoj K. SHUKLA1
1Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces NM 88003(USA)
2Department of Earth Sciences, Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis IN 46202(USA)
Corresponding Author:Amir M. GONZÁLEZ-DELGADO
ABSTRACT
      Indaziflam is a preemergent herbicide widely used for the control of weeds in pecan (Carya illinoinensis) orchards in the southwestern region of the United States. Given the paucity of data regarding the effect of indaziflam on the biochemical properties of soils supporting pecan production, this study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different application rates of indaziflam on soil microbial activity, diversity, and biochemical processes related to nitrogen (N) cycling. During two consecutive growing seasons (2015 and 2016), soil samples were obtained from experimental mesocosms consisting of soil-filled pots where pecan saplings were grown and treated with indaziflam applied at two different rates (25 and 50 g active ingredient (ai) ha-1, with the higher rate being slightly lower than the recommended field application rate of 73.1 g ai ha-1). Soil samples were collected approximately one week before and one week after herbicide application for determination of soil microbial biomass and diversity, N mineralization, and β-glucosaminidase activity. Soil samples collected from the control mesocosms without herbicide application were treated in the laboratory with two rates of indaziflam (75 and 150 g ai ha-1) to determine the immediate effect on microbial activity. No significant effect of herbicide treatment on soil respiration and microbial biomass was detected. The results showed a slight to moderate decrease in microbial diversity (7% in 2015 and 44% in 2016). However, decreased β-glucosaminidase activity with herbicide treatment was observed in soils from the mesocosms (33%) and soils treated with indaziflam in the laboratory (45%). The mineral N pool was generally dominated by ammonium after indaziflam application, which was consistent with the drastic decrease (75%) in nitrification activity measured in the laboratory experiment. The results of this study indicate that indaziflam, even when applied at higher than recommended rates, has limited effects on soil microbial activity, but may affect N cycling processes.
Key Words:  Carya illinoinensis,β-glucosaminidase activity,mesocosm experiment,microbial biomass,microbial diversity,mineral nitrogen speciation,nitrification
Citation: González-Delgado A M, Jacinthe P A, Shukla M K. 2022. Effect of indaziflam on microbial activity and nitrogen cycling processes in an orchard soil. Pedosphere. 32(6): 803-811.
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