Pedosphere 32(1): 3--14, 2022
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2022 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Elevated carbon dioxide stimulates nitrous oxide emission in agricultural soils: A global meta-analysis
Yilin DU1, Xinyu GUO1, Jinxing LI1, Yuankun LIU1, Jipeng LUO1, Yongchao LIANG1, Tingqiang LI1,2,3
1Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environmental Remediation and Ecological Health, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058(China)
2Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Agricultural Resources and Environment, Hangzhou 310058(China)
3National Demonstration Center for Experimental Environment and Resources Education, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058(China)
      Elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) (eCO2) has been shown to affect the nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from terrestrial ecosystems by altering the interaction of plants, soils, and microorganisms. However, the impact of eCO2 on the N2O emission from agricultural soils remains poorly understood. This meta-analysis summarizes the effect of eCO2 on N2O emission in agricultural ecosystems and soil physiochemical and biological characteristics using 50 publications selected. The eCO2 effect values, which equal to the percentage changes of N2O emission under eCO2, were calculated based on the natural logarithm of the response ratio to eCO2. We found that eCO2 significantly increased N2O emission (by 44%), which varied depending on experimental conditions, agricultural practices, and soil properties. In addition, eCO2 significantly increased soil water-filled pore space (by 6%), dissolved organic carbon content (by 11%), and nitrate nitrogen content (by 13%), but significantly reduced soil pH (by 1%). Moreover, eCO2 significantly increased soil microbial biomass carbon (by 28%) and soil microbial biomass nitrogen (by 7%) contents. Additionally, eCO2 significantly increased the abundances of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) amoA (by 21%), nirK (by 15%), and nirS (by 15%), but did not affect the abundances of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) amoA and nosZ. Our findings indicate that eCO2 substantially stimulates N2O emission in agroecosystems and highlight that optimization of nitrogen management and agronomic options might suppress this stimulation and aid in reducing greenhouse effect.
Key Words:  agricultural practices,agroecosystems,climate change,experimental conditions,greenhouse gas,soil properties
Citation: Du Y L, Guo X Y, Li J X, Liu Y K, Luo J P, Liang Y C, Li T Q. 2022. Elevated carbon dioxide stimulates nitrous oxide emission in agricultural soils: A global meta-analysis. Pedosphere. 32(1): 3–14.
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