Pedosphere 31(2): 332--341, 2021
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2021 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Characteristics of greenhouse gas emissions from rice paddy fields in South Korea under climate change scenario RCP-8.5 using the DNDC model
Wonjae HWANG, Chanyang KIM, Kijong CHO, Seunghun HYUN
Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 02841(South Korea)
ABSTRACT
      Understanding the greenhouse gas (GHG) emission from rice paddy fields is essential to come up with appropriate countermeasure in response to global warming. However, GHG emissions from paddy fields in South Korea are not well characterized. The objectives of this study were to estimate the carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions from rice paddy fields in South Korea, under the Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5 (RCP-8.5) climate change scenario using the DNDC (i.e., DeNitrification-DeComposition) model at 1-km2 resolution. The performance of the model was verified with field data collected using a closed chamber, which supports the application of the model to South Korea. Both the model predictions and field measurements showed that most (> 95%) GHG emissions occur in the cropping period, between April and October. As a baseline (assuming no climate change), the national sums of the CO2 and CH4 emissions for the 2020s and 2090s were estimated to be 5.8×106 and 6.0×106 t CO2-equivalents (CO2-eq) year-1 for CO2 and 6.4×106 and 6.6×106 t CO2-eq year-1 for CH4, respectively, indicating no significant changes over 80 years. Under RCP-8.5, in the 2090s, CH4 emissions were predicted to increase by 10.7×106 and 14.9×106 t CO2-eq year-1, for a 10-or 30-cm tillage depth, respectively. However, the CO2 emissions gradually decreased with rising temperatures, due to reduced root respiration. Deep tillage increased the emissions of both GHGs, with a more pronounced effect for CH4 than CO2. Intermittent drainage in the middle of the cropping season can attenuate the CH4 emissions from paddy fields. The findings of this work will aid in developing nationwide policies on agricultural land management in the face of climate change.
Key Words:  CH4,CO2,model performance,paddy soil,rising temperature,tillage depth
Citation: Hwang W, Kim C, Cho K, Hyun S. 2021. Characteristics of greenhouse gas emissions from rice paddy fields in South Korea under climate change scenario RCP-8.5 using the DNDC model. Pedosphere. 31(2):332-341.
View Full Text



Copyright © 2024 Editorial Committee of PEDOSPHERE. All rights reserved.
Address: No.298 Chuangyou Road, Jiangning District, Nanjing 210008, China PostCode:211135    E-mail: pedosphere@issas.ac.cn
Technical support: Beijing E-Tiller Co.,Ltd.