Pedosphere 27(6): 1116--1124, 2017
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2017 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Dynamics of Soil Moisture and Salt Content After Infiltration of Saline Ice Meltwater in Saline-Sodic Soil Columns
XIAO Ye1,2, HUANG Zhigang2, YANG Fan1, WANG Zhichun1, ZHOU Xia3, LIU Zhijun4
1Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102 (China)
2Hunan University of Arts and Science, Changde 415000 (China)
3Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, the University of Tennessee, Knoxville TN 37996 (USA)
4Dynamic Solutions, LLC, Knoxville TN 37996 (USA)
ABSTRACT
      Saline ice meltwater can be used for irrigation and leaching of salts in salt-affected soil regions. A laboratory experiment was conducted using soil columns to investigate the redistribution of soil moisture, salt and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) in saline-sodic soil under the infiltration of saline ice meltwater. Soils were treated using saline water of three irrigation volumes (1 600, 2 400 and 3 200 mL) at four salinity levels. These four salinity levels included salt free (0 g L-1), low salinity level (1.4 g L-1), moderate salinity level (2.7 g L-1) and high salinity level (4.1 g L-1). The prepared saline water was frozen into ice, and then the ice was put on the surface of soil columns. After 96 h, the infiltration rate and soil moisture content of saline ice treatments were greater than those of salt-free ice treatments, increasing with the increase of ice salinity. Infiltration of saline ice meltwater increased soil moisture content in the upper layers for all treatments. Both salt contents and SAR values in the upper soil layers decreased in all saline ice treatments and were lower than those in salt-free ice treatment. However, this trend was reversed in the deeper (below 20cm) soil layers. The highest desalting rate and lowest SAR were observed in high-salinity treatment under three irrigation volumes in the 0-15 cm soil layer, especially under irrigation volume of 2 400 mL. These results indicate that saline ice (0-20cm) meltwater irrigation is beneficial to saline-sodic soil reclamation, and the best improvement effect would be achieved when using high-salinity ice under optimal irrigation volume.
Key Words:  desalting, irrigation, salinity, sodium adsorption ratio, soil reclamation
Citation: Xiao Y, Huang Z G, Yang F, Wang Z C, Zhou X, Liu Z J. 2017. Dynamics of soil moisture and salt content after infiltration of saline ice meltwater in saline-sodic soil columns. Pedosphere. 27(6): 1116–1124.
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