Pedosphere 27(4): 714--724, 2017
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2017 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Short-term effects of experimental warming and precipitation manipulation on soil microbial biomass C and N, community substrate utilization patterns, and community composition
Guanlin LI1, Seongjun KIM1, Minji PARK1 and Yowhan SON1,2
1Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul 02841 (Korea)
2Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Qatar University, Doha 2713 (Qatar)
ABSTRACT
      Soil microorganisms are major drivers of soil carbon (C) cycling; however, the response of these microorganisms to climate change remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated how 18 months of multifactor climate treatments (warmed air temperature by 3 oC and decreased or increased precipitation manipulation by 30%) affected soil microbial biomass C and nitrogen (N), community substrate utilization patterns, and community composition. Decreased and increased precipitation significantly reduced microbial biomass C by 13.5% and 24.9% and microbial biomass N by 22.9% and 17.6% in unwarmed plots, respectively (P < 0.01). Warming enhanced community substrate utilization by 89.8%, 20.4%, and 141.4% in the natural, decreased, and increased precipitation plots, respectively. Particularly, warming significantly enhanced the utilization of amine and carboxylic acid substrates among all precipitation manipulation plots. Compared with the natural air temperature with natural precipitation treatment, other treatments affected fungal community richness by --0.9% to 33.6% and reduced the relative abundance of the dominant bacterial and fungal groups by 0.5% to 6.8% and 4.3% to 10.7%, respectively. The warming and/or precipitation manipulation treatments significantly altered Zygomycota abundance (P < 0.05). Our results indicate that climate change drivers and their interactions may cause changes in soil microbial biomass C and N, community substrate utilization patterns, and community composition, particularly for the fungal community, and shifts in the microorganism community may further shape the ecosystems function.
Key Words:  climate change, bacterial community, community abundance, community diversity, community richness, fungal community
Citation: Guanlin, L., Seongjun, K., Minji, P. and Yowhan, S. 2017. Short-term effects of experimental warming and precipitation manipulation on soil microbial biomass C and N, community substrate utilization patterns, and community composition. Pedosphere. 27(4): 714-724.
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