Pedosphere 27(2): 380--386, 2017
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2017 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Seasonal variability of soil organic carbon fractions under arable land
Henning SCHIEDUNG, Ludger BORNEMANN,Gerhard WELP
Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation, Soil Science and Soil Ecology, Nussallee 13, University of Bonn, 53115 Bonn (Germany)
Corresponding Author:henning.schiedung@uni-bonn.de.
ABSTRACT
      Carbon fractions in soils apparently vary not only in space, but also over time.A lack of knowledge on the seasonal variability of labile carbon fractions under arable land hampers the reliability and comparability of soil organic carbon (SOC) surveys from different studies.Therefore, we studied the seasonal variability of two SOC fractions, particulate organic matter (POM) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC), under maize cropping: POM was determined as the SOC content in particle-size fractions, and DOC was measured as the water-extractable SOC (WESOC) of air-dried soil.Ammonium, nitrate, and water-extractable nitrogen were measured as potential regulating factors of WESOC formation because carbon and nitrogen cycles in soils are strongly connected. There was a significant annual variation of WESOC (coefficient of variation (CV) = 30%).Temporal variations of SOC in particle-size fractions were smaller than those of WESOC. The stocks of SOC in particle-size fractions decreased with decreasing particle sizes, exhibiting a CV of 20% for the coarse sand-size fraction (250--2000 upmum), of 9% for the fine sand-size fraction (50--250 upmum), and of 5% for the silt-size fraction (20--50 upmum).The WESOC and SOC in particle-size fractions both peaked in March and reached the minimum in May/June and August, respectively. These results indicate the importance of the time of soil sampling during the course of a year, especially when investigating WESOC.
Key Words:  carbon turnover, carbon pools, dissolved organic carbon, particle-size fractions, particulate organic matter, time of soil sampling, water-extractable soil organic carbon
Citation: Henning, S., Ludger, B. and Gerhard, W. 2017. Seasonal variability of soil organic carbon fractions under arable land. Pedosphere. 27(2): 380-386.
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