Pedosphere 27(2): 283--292, 2017
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2017 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Effect of dark septate endophytic fungus Gaeumannomyces cylindrosporus on plant growth, photosynthesis and Pb tolerance of maize ( Zea mays L.)
BAN Yihui1,2, XU Zhouying1, YANG Yurong1, ZHANG Haihan1, CHEN Hui1,TANG Ming1,3
1State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100 (China)
2 School of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Life Sciences, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)
3 College of Forestry, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100 (China)
Corresponding Author:tangm@nwsuaf.edu.cn.
ABSTRACT
      Dark septate endophytic (DSE) fungi are ubiquitous and cosmopolitan, and occur widely in association with plants in heavy metal stress environment.However, little is known about the effect of inoculation with DSE fungi on the host plant under heavy metal stress. In this study, Gaeumannomyces cylindrosporus, which was isolated from Pb-Zn mine tailings in China and had been proven to have high Pb tolerance, was inoculated onto the roots of maize ( Zea mays L.) seedlings to study the effect of DSE on plant growth, photosynthesis, and the translocation and accumulation of Pb in plant under stress of different Pb concentrations.The growth indicators (height, basal diameter, root length, and biomass) of maize were detected.Chlorophyll content, photosynthetic characteristics (net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, and intercellular CO2 concentration), and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in leaves of the inoculated and non-inoculated maize were also determined.Inoculation with G. cylindrosporus significantly increased height, basal diameter, root length, and biomass of maize seedlings under Pb stress. Colonization of G. cylindrosporus improved the efficiency of photosynthesis and altered the translocation and accumulation of Pb in the plants.Although inoculation with G. cylindrosporus increased Pb accumulation in host plants in comparison to non-inoculated plants, the translocation factor of Pb in plant body was significantly decreased.The results indicated that Pb was accumulated mainly in the root system of maize and the phytotoxicity of Pb to the aerial part of the plant was alleviated.The improvement of efficiency of photosynthesis and the decrease of translocation factor of Pb, caused by DSE fungal colonization, were efficient strategies to improve Pb tolerance of host plants.
Key Words:  chlorophyll fluorescence, fungal colonization, growth indicator, heavy metal stress, Pb accumulation, Pb translocation, photosynthetic characteristics
Citation: Ban, Y., Xu, Z., Yang, Y., Zhang, H., Chen, H. and Tang, M. 2017. Effect of dark septate endophytic fungus Gaeumannomyces cylindrosporus on plant growth, photosynthesis and Pb tolerance of maize ( Zea mays L.). Pedosphere. 27(2): 283-292.
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