Pedosphere 27(2): 248--261, 2017
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2017 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Effects of different biochars on Pinus elliottii growth, N use efficiency, soil N2O and CH4 emissions and C storage in a subtropical area of China
LIN Zhibin1,2, LIU Qi1,2, LIU Gang1, Annette L. COWIE3, BEI Qicheng1, LIU Benjuan1,2, WANG Xiaojie1,2, MA Jing1,2, ZHU Jianguo1,XIE Zubin1,4
1State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)
3 University of New England, Rural Climate Solutions, Armidale NSW 2351 (Australia)
4 Jiangsu Biochar Engineering Center, Nanjing 210008 (China)
Corresponding Author:zbxie@issas.ac.cn.
ABSTRACT
      Intensive management of planted forests may result in soil degradation and decline in timber yield with successive rotations. Biochars may be beneficial for plant production, nutrient uptake and greenhouse gas mitigation.Biochar properties vary widely and are known to be highly dependent on feedstocks, but their effects on planted forest ecosystem are elusive.This study investigated the effects of chicken manure biochar, sawdust biochar and their feedstocks on 2-year-old Pinus elliottii growth, fertilizer N use efficiency (NUE), soil N2O and CH4 emissions, and C storage in an acidic forest soil in a subtropical area of China for one year.The soil was mixed with materials in a total of 8 treatments: non-amended control (CK); sawdust at 2.16 kg m-2 (SD); chicken manure at 1.26 kg m-2 (CM); sawdust biochar at 2.4 kg m-2 (SDB); chicken manure biochar at 2.4 kg m-2 (CMB); 15N-fertilizer alone (10.23 atom% 15N) (NF); sawdust biochar at 2.4 kg m-2 plus 15N-fertilizer (SDBN) and chicken manure biochar at 2.4 kg m-2 plus 15N-fertilizer (CMBN).Results showed that the CMB treatment increased P. elliottii net primary production (aboveground biomass plus litte-rfall) and annual net C fixation (ANCF) by about 180% and 157%, respectively, while the the SDB treatment had little effect on P. elliottii growth. The 15N stable isotope labelling technique revealed that fertilizer NUE was 22.7% in CK, 25.5% in the NF treatment, and 37.0% in the CMB treatment.Chicken manure biochar significantly increased soil pH, total N, total P, total K, available P and available K. Only 2% of the N in chicken manure biochar was available to the tree. The soil N2O emission and CH4 uptake showed no significant differences among the treatments. The apparent C losses from the SD and CM treatments were 35% and 61%, respectively; while those from the CMB and SDB treatments were negligible. These demonstrated that it is crucial to consider biochar properties while evaluating their effects on plant growth and C sequestration.
Key Words:  biochar properties, C sequestration, 15N-fertilizer application, emissions of greenhouse gases, planted forest, soil fertility
Citation: Lin, Z., Liu, Q., Liu, G., Cowie, L., Bei, Q., Liu, B., Wang, X., Ma, J., Zhu, J. and Xie, Z. 2017. Effects of different biochars on Pinus elliottii growth, N use efficiency, soil N2O and CH4 emissions and C storage in a subtropical area of China. Pedosphere. 27(2): 248-261.
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