Pedosphere 26(2): 235--242, 2016
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2016 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Effects of elevated CO2 on the growth and macronutrient (N, P and K) uptake of annual wormwood (Artemisia annua L.)
ZHU Chun-Wu1, ZENG Qi-Long1,2, YU Hong-Yan3, LIU Sheng-Jin4, DONG Gang-Qiang5, ZHU Jian-Guo1
1State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)
2Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210014 (China)
3School of Environment and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122 (China)
4College of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023 (China)
5Amway (China) Botanical R&D Center, Wuxi 214115 (China)
      Annual wormwood (Artemisia annua L.) is the only viable source of artemisinin, an antimalarial drug. There is a pressing need to optimize production per cultivated area of this important medicinal plant; however, the effect of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration on its growth is still unclear. Therefore, a pot experiment was conducted in a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) facility in Yangzhou City, China. Two A. annua varieties, one wild and one cultivated, were grown under ambient (374 μmol mol-1) and elevated (577 μmol mol-1) CO2 levels to determine the dry matter accumulation and macronutrient uptake of aerial parts. The results showed that stem and leaf yields of both A. annua varieties increased significantly under elevated CO2 due to the enhanced photosynthesis rate. Although nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) concentrations in leaves and stems of both varieties decreased under elevated CO2, total shoot N, P, and K uptake of the two varieties were enhanced and the ratios among the concentrations of these nutrients (N:P, N:K, and P:K) were not affected by elevated CO2. Overall, our results provided the evidence that elevated CO2 increased biomass and shoot macronutrient uptake of two A. annua varieties.
Key Words:  artemisinin, biomass, free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE), medicinal plant, photosynthesis
Citation: Zhu, C. W., Zeng, Q. L., Yu, H. Y., Liu, S. J., Dong, G. Q. and Zhu, J. G. 2016. Effects of elevated CO2 on the growth and macronutrient (N, P and K) uptake of annual wormwood (Artemisia annua L.). Pedosphere. 26(2): 235-242.
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