Pedosphere 25(1): 12--24, 2015
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2015 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Estimates of soil organic carbon stocks in Zhejiang Province of China based on 1:50000 soil database using the PKB method
ZHI Jun-Jun1, JING Chang-Wei2, LIN Sheng-Pan3, ZHANG Cao1 and WU Jia-Ping2
1College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058 (China)
2Institute of Islands and Coastal Research, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058 (China)
3 3Department of Zoology, Michigan State University, East Lansing MI 48823 (USA)
      Soil organic carbon (SOC) is an important component of farming systems and global carbon cycle. Accurately estimating SOC stock is of great importance for assessing soil productivity and modeling global climate change. A newly built 1:50 000 soil database of Zhejiang Province containing 2 154 geo-referenced soil profiles and a pedological professional knowledge-based (PKB) method were used to estimate SOC stock up to a depth of 100 cm for the Province. The spatial patterns of SOC stocks stratified by soil types, watershed (buffer analysis), topographical factors, and land use types were identified. Results showed that the soils in Zhejiang covered an area of 100 740 km2 with a total SOC stock of 831.49 × 106 t and a mean SOC density of 8.25 kg m-2, excluding water and urban areas. In terms of soil types, red soils had the highest SOC stock (259.10 × 106 t), whereas mountain meadow soils contained the lowest (0.15 × 106 t). In terms of SOC densities, the lowest value (5.11 kg m-2) was found in skel soils, whereas the highest value (45.30 kg m-2) was observed in mountain meadow soils. Yellow soils, as a dominant soil group, determined the SOC densities of different buffer zones in Qiantang River watershed because of their large area percentage and wide variation of SOC density values. The area percentages of various soil groups significantly varied with increasing elevation or slope when overlaid with digital elevation model data, thus influencing the SOC densities. The highest SOC density was observed under grassland, whereas the lowest SOC density was identified under unutilized land. The map of SOC density (0–100 cm depth) and the spatial patterns of SOC stocks in the Province would be helpful for relevant agencies and communities in Zhejiang Province, China.
Key Words:  elevation, sampling depth, slope, SOC density, soil groups
Citation: Zhi, J. J., Jing, C. W., Lin, S. P., Zhang, C. and Wu, J. P. 2015. Estimates of soil organic carbon stocks in Zhejiang Province of China based on 1:50000 soil database using the PKB method. Pedosphere. 25(1): 12-24.
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