Pedosphere 24(6): 722--730, 2014
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2014 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Distribution of mineral nutrients and active ingredients in Aloe vera irrigated with diluted seawater
JIANG Chao-Qiang1,2, QUAN Ling-Tong3, SHI Feng1, YANG Na3, WANG Chang-Hai1, YIN Xiao-Ming1, and ZHENG Qing-Song1
1College of Resources and Environmental Science, Key Laboratory of Marine Biology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095 (China)
2Tobacco Research Institute, Anhui Academy of Agricultural Science, Hefei 230031(China)
3 3College of Life Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095 (China)
      With increasing demand for irrigation water, agricultural scientists and planners pay more attention to the utilization of diluted seawater as an alternative source for irrigation of crops. A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted to study how seawater stress (SS) affects growth, water content, cationic accumulation, and active ingredients in leaves of Aloe vera after 30 d of growth in nutrient media with 0% (control), 22% (22% SS), and 42% (42% SS) seawater stress. Results indicated the SS did not change dry biomass of leaves and stems, but gradually decreased biomass allocation to roots with increasing seawater stress. Na+ and Cl- in A. vera plant did not increase obviously with a big increase in seawater percentage due to low transpiration of Aloe vera. 42% SS decreased N concentration in most plant organs, but did not change or increased P concentration. Seawater stress tended to decrease concentrations of K+ and Ca2+ in A. vera. However, seawater salinity tended to increase the concentrations of aloin concentration in top (young) and middle leaves, and there was no significant effect of both stresses on aloin concentration in base (old) leaves. The 42% SS treatment decreased polysaccharide concentrations only in the base leaves, but not in top and middle leaves. In summary, supplying suitably diluted seawater for 30 d could increase the qualities and value of A. vera, without substantial effects on shoot dry biomass production.
Key Words:  aloin, growth, nutrition distribution, polysaccharide, seawater irrigation
Citation: Jiang, C. Q., Quan, L. T., Shi, F., Yang, N., Wang, C. H., Yin, X. M. and Zheng, Q. S. 2014. Distribution of mineral nutrients and active ingredients in Aloe vera irrigated with diluted seawater. Pedosphere. 24(6): 722-730.
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