Pedosphere 23(5): 577--592, 2013
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2013 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Indigenous microbial community structure in rhizosphere of Chinese kale as affected by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria inoculation
P. PIROMYOU1, R. NOISANGIAM1, H. UCHIYAMA2, P. TITTABUTR1, N. BOONKERD1 and N. TEAUMROONG1
1School of Biotechnology, Institute of Agricultural Technology, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand)
2School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Applied Biochemistry, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8572 (Japan)
ABSTRACT
      Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) have been widely recognized as an important agent, especially as a biofertilizer, in agricultural systems. The objectives of this study were to select effective PGPR for Chinese kale (Brassica oleracea var. boglabra) cultivation and to investigate the effect of their inoculation on indigenous microbial community structure. The Bacillus sp. SUT1 and Pseudomonas sp. SUT19 were selected for determining the efficiency in promoting Chinese kale growth in both pot and field experiments. In the field experiment, PGPR amended with compost gave the highest yields among all treatments. The Chinese kale growth promotion may be directly affected by PGPR inoculation. The changes of microbial community structure in the rhizosphere of Chinese kale following PGPR inoculation were examined by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and principal coordinate analysis. The DGGE fingerprints of 16S rDNA amplified from total community DNA in the rhizosphere confirmed that our isolates were established in the rhizosphere throughout this study. The microbial community structures were slightly different among all the treatments, and the major changes depended on stages of plant growth. DNA sequencing of excised DGGE bands showed that the dominant species in microbial community structure in the rhizosphere were not mainly interfered by PGPR, but strongly influenced by plant development. The microbial diversity as revealed by diversity indices was not different between the PGPR-inoculated and uninoculated treatments. In addition, the rhizosphere soil had more influence on eubacterial diversity, whereas it did not affect archaebacterial and fungal diversities.
Key Words:  Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra, inoculum, structure of microbial population
Citation: Piromyou, P., Noisangiam, R., Uchiyama, H., Tittabutr, P., Boonkerd, N. and Teaumroong, N. 2013. Indigenous microbial community structure in rhizosphere of Chinese kale as affected by plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria inoculation. Pedosphere. 23(5): 577-592.
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