Pedosphere 22(3): 351--366, 2012
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2012 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Visible and near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for prediction of soil properties near a copper smelter
XIE Xian-Li1, PAN Xian-Zhang1 and SUN Bo2
1 Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)
2 State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)
ABSTRACT
      Spatial and temporal monitoring of soil properties in smelting regions requires collection of a large number of sam-ples followed by laboratory cumbersome and time-consuming measurements. Visible and near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (VNIR-DRS) provides a rapid and inexpensive tool to predict various soil properties simultaneously. This study evaluated the suitability of VNIR-DRS for predicting soil properties, including organic matter (OM), pH, and heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, and Fe), using a total of 254 samples collected in soil profiles near a large copper smelter in China. Partial least square regression (PLSR) with cross-validation was used to relate soil property data to the reflectance spectral data by applying different preprocessing strategies. The performance of VNIR-DRS calibration models was evaluated using the coefficient of determination in cross-validation (Rcv2) and the ratio of standard deviation to the root mean standard error of cross-validation (SD/RMSEcv). The models provided fairly accurate predictions for OM and Fe (Rcv2 > 0.80, SD/RMSEcv > 2.00), less accurate but acceptable for screening purposes for pH, Cu, Pb, and Cd (0.50 lt; Rcv2 < 0.80, 1.40 < SD/RMSEcv < 2.00), and poor accuracy for Zn (Rcv2 < 0.50, SD/RMSEcv < 1.40). Because soil properties in conta-minated areas generally show large variation, a comparative large number of calibrating samples, which are variable enough and uniformly distributed, are necessary to create more accurate and robust VNIR-DRS calibration models. This study indicated that VNIR-DRS technique combined with continuously enriched soil spectral library could be a nondestructive alternative for soil environment monitoring.
Key Words:  heavy metal, organic matter, partial least squares regression, soil environment monitoring, spectral preprocessing
Citation: Xie, X. L., Pan, X. Z. and Sun, B. 2012. Visible and near-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for prediction of soil properties near a copper smelter. Pedosphere. 22(3): 351-366.
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