Pedosphere 20(1): 35--42, 2010
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2010 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Combined effects of water quality and furrow gradient on runoff and soil erosion in North China
LI Fa-Hu1,2 and ZHANG Li-Jun3
1 State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Shaanxi 712100 (China)
2 College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083 (China)
3 Faculty of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Changchun Engineering College, Jilin 130012 (China)
ABSTRACT
      Irrigation-induced soil erosion seriously affects the sustainability of irrigated agriculture. The effects of irrigation water quality and furrow gradient on runoff and soil loss were studied under simulated furrow irrigation in laboratory using a soil collected from an experimental station of China Agricultural University, North China. The experimental treatments were different combinations of irrigation water salt concentrations of 5, 10, 20, and 30 mmolc L-1, sodium adsorption ratios (SAR) of 0.5, 5.0, and 10.0 (mmolc L-1)0.5, and furrow gradients of 1%, 3%, and 5%, with distilled water for irrigation at 3 furrow gradients as controls. The experimental data indicated that total runoff amount, sediment concentration in runoff, and total soil loss amount generally decreased with increasing salt concentration in irrigation water but increased with its sodicity and furrow gradient. The effects of water quality and furrow gradient on soil loss were greater than those on runoff, and the increase of furrow gradient decreased the influence of water quality on soil loss. When the salt concentration increased from 5 to 30 mmolc L-1 at SAR of 10.0 (mmolc L-1)0.5, total runoff amount, sediment concentration, and total soil loss amount decreased by 3.89%, 52.1%, and 53.92%, and 10.57%, 38.86%, and 42.03% at the furrow gradients of 1% and 5%, respectively. However, they respectively increased by 3.37%, 45.34%, and 55.36%, and 3.86%, 10.77%, and 13.91% when SAR increased from 0.5 to 10.0 (mmolc L-1)0.5 at the salt concentration of 5 mmolc L-1. Irrigation water quality and furrow gradient should be comprehensively considered in the planning and management of furrow irrigation practices to decrease soil loss and improve water utilization efficiency.
Key Words:  salt concentration, sediment concentration, sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), soil dispersion, soil loss
Citation: Li, F. H. and Zhang, L. J. 2010. Combined effects of water quality and furrow gradient on runoff and soil erosion in North China. Pedosphere. 20(1): 35-42.
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