Pedosphere 19(6): 700--710, 2009
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2009 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Simulation model for photosynthetic production in oilseed rape
TANG Liang, ZHU Yan, LIU Xiao-Jun, TIAN Yong-Chao, YAO Xia and CAO Wei-Xing
Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Information Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095 (China)
ABSTRACT
      Photosynthetic production is a major determinant of final yield in crop plants. A simulation model was developed for canopy photosynthesis and dry matter accumulation in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) based on the ecophysiological processes and using a three-layer radiation balance scheme for calculating the radiation interception and absorption by the layers of flowers, pods, and leaves within the canopy. Gaussian integration method was used to calculate photosynthesis of the pod and leaf layers, and the daily total canopy photosynthesis was determined by the sum of photosynthesis from the two layers of green organs. The effects of physiological age, temperature, nitrogen, and water deficit on maximum photosynthetic rate were quantified. Maintenance and growth respiration were estimated to determine net photosynthetic production. Partition index of the shoot in relation to physiological development time was used to calculate shoot dry matter from plant biomass and shoot biomass loss because of freezing was quantified by temperature effectiveness. Testing of the model for dynamic dry matter accumulation through field experiments of different genotypes, sowing dates, and nitrogen levels showed good fit between the observed and simulated data, with an average root mean square error of 10.9% for shoot dry matter. Thus, the present model appears to be reliable for the prediction of photosynthetic production in oilseed rape.
Key Words:  canopy, CO2 assimilation, dry matter accumulation, N nutrition index, radiation
Citation: Tang, L., Zhu, Y., Liu, X. J., Tian, Y. C., Yao, X. and Cao, W. X. 2009. Simulation model for photosynthetic production in oilseed rape. Pedosphere. 19(6): 700-710.
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