Pedosphere 16(6): 745--755, 2006
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2006 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Araucaria cunninghamii seedling response to different forms and rates of 15N-labelled fertiliser
T. J. BLUMFIELD1,2 and XU Zhi-Hong1,2
1 Centre for Forestry and Horticultural Research. Nathan Campus, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, Queensland 4111 (Australia). E-mail: t.blumfield@griffth.edu.au
2 Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Griffith University, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, Queensland 4111 (Australia)
ABSTRACT
      Nitrogenous fertilisers are under consideration for promoting the growth of nursery-reared hoop pine (Araucaria cunninghamii Aiton ex A. Cunn) seedlings in the establishment phase of second rotation (2R) plantations. Using 15N-labelled fertilisers, we investigated the effect of different forms (ammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate, potassium nitrate and urea) and rates of application (0, 150 and 300 mg N kg-1 dried soil) of fertilisers on the growth, 15N recovery and carbon isotope composition (δ13C) of hoop pine seedlings in a 12-month glasshouse trial in southeast Queensland, Australia. The 15N-labelled fertilisers were applied to nursery-reared hoop pine seedlings, which were then grown in pots, containing ca. 1.2 kg dried soil, under well watered conditions for 12 months. Four seedlings from each treatment were harvested at 4-month intervals, divided into roots, stem and foliage, with a further subdivision for new and old foliage, and then analysed for 15N, total N, δ13C and total C. There was no significant response in the seedling growth to the form or rate of application of nitrogen (N) fertiliser within the 12-month period, indicating that the seedlings did not experience N deficiency when grown on second rotation hoop pine soils. While the combined 15N recovery from soil and plant remained at around 70% throughout the experiment, the proportion of 15N recovered from the plants increasing steadily over time. Nitrate containing fertilisers at 150 mg N kg-1 soil gradually increased seedling foliage δ13C over the 12-month period, indicating an increase in seedling water use efficiency.
Key Words:  hoop pine, 15N recovery, nitrogen, water use efficiency
Citation: Blumfield, T. J. and Xu, Z. H. 2006. Araucaria cunninghamii seedling response to different forms and rates of 15N-labelled fertiliser. Pedosphere. 16(6): 745-755.
View Full Text



Copyright © 2020 Editorial Committee of PEDOSPHERE. All rights reserved.
Address: P. O. Box 821, 71 East Beijing Road, Nanjing 210008, China    E-mail: pedosphere@issas.ac.cn
Technical support: Beijing E-Tiller Co.,Ltd.