Pedosphere 16(4): 477--488, 2006
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2006 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Spatial-temporal pattern and driving forces of land use changes in Xiamen
QUAN Bin1, CHEN Jian-Fei2, QIU Hong-Lie3, M. J. M. RÖMKENS4, YANG Xiao-Qi5, JIANG Shi-Feng5 and LI Bi-Cheng1
1 Research Center of Soil and Water Conservation and Ecological Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Education, Northwest Sci-tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100 (China). E-mail:
2 School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510405 (China)
3 Department of Geography and Urban Analysis, California State University, Los Angeles 9003S-8S53 (USA)
4 USDA/ARS, National Sedimentation Laboratory, P.O. Box 1157, Oxford, MS 38655 (USA)
5 School of Sciences, Jimei University, Xiamen 361021 (China)
      Using Landsat TM data of 1988, 1998 and 2001, the dynamic process of the spatial-temporal characteristics of land use changes during 13 years from 1988 to 2001 in the special economic zone of Xiamen, China was analyzed to improve understanding and to find the driving forces of land use change so that sustainable land utilization could be practiced. During the 13 years cropland decreased remarkably by nearly 11304.95 ha. The areas of rural-urban construction and water body increased by 10 152.24 ha and 848.94 ha, respectively. From 1988 to 2001, 52.5% of the lost cropland was converted into rural-urban industrial land. Rapid urbanization contributed to a great change in the rate of cropland land use during these years. Land-reclamation also contributed to a decrease in water body area as well as marine ecological and environmental destruction. In the study area 1) urbanization and industrialization, 2) infrastructure and agricultural intensification, 3) increased affluence of the farming community, and 4) policy factors have driven the land use changes. Possible sustainable land use measures included construction of a land management system, land planning, development of potential land resources, new technology applications, and marine ecological and environmental protection.
Key Words:  driving force, GIS, land use change, remote sensing, Xiamen
Citation: Quan, B., Chen, J. F., Qiu, H. L., RÖmkens, J. M., Yang, X. Q., Jiang, S. F. and Li, B. C. 2006. Spatial-temporal pattern and driving forces of land use changes in Xiamen. Pedosphere. 16(4): 477-488.
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