Pedosphere 16(3): 312--318, 2006
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2006 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Redistribution of pb, zn and cu fractions in tailing soils treated with different extractants
LIU Yun-Guo1, WANG Xian-Hai1, ZENG Guang-Ming1, LI Xin1, ZHOU Chun-Hua2,3, FAN Ting1, LI Yong-Li1 and YUAN Xin-Zhong1
1 Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China). E-mail:
2 Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China)
3 Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China)
      The efficiency of EDTA, HNO3 and CaCl2 as extractants to remove Pb, Zn and Cu from tailing soils without varying soil pH was investigated with distributions of Pb, Zn and Cu being determined before and after extraction using the sequential extraction procedure of the optimized European Community Bureau of Reference (BCR). Results indicated that EDTA and HNO3 were both effective extracting agents.The extractability of extractants for Pb and Zn was in the order EDTA > HNO3 > CaCl2, while for Cu it was HNO3 > EDTA > CaCl2. After EDTA extraction, the proportion of Pb, Zn and Cu in the four fractions varied greatly, which was related to the strong extraction and complexation ability. Before and after extraction with HNO3 and CaCl2, the percentages of Pb, Zn and Cu in the reducible, oxidizable and residual fractions changed little compared to the acid-extractable fraction. The lability of metal in the soil and the kinds of extractants were the factors controlling the effects of metal extraction.
Key Words:  BCR, extraction, fraction, heavy metals, redistribution
Citation: Liu, Y. G., Wang, X. H., Zeng, G. M., Li, X., Zhou, C. H., Fan, T., Li, Y. L. and Yuan, X. Z. 2006. Redistribution of pb, zn and cu fractions in tailing soils treated with different extractants. Pedosphere. 16(3): 312-318.
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