Pedosphere 15(3): 347--355, 2005
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2005 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Spatial and temporal variability of N, P and K balances for agroecosystems in China
SHEN Run-Ping1,2, SUN Bo1 and ZHAO Qi-Guo1
1 Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China). E-mail:
2 Department of Spatial Information Science, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044 (China)
      Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium balances for agroecosystems in China from 1993 to 2001 were calculated at national and provincial levels using statistical data and related parameters, and their spatial and temporal variabilities were analyzed with GIS to estimate the potential impacts of nutrient N, P and K surpluses or deficits to soil, water and air. At the national scale, the N and P balances from 1993 to 2001 showed a surplus, with the nitrogen surplus remaining relatively stable from 1997—2001. Although during this period the P surplus pattern was similar to N, it had smaller values and kept increasing as the use of phosphate fertilizer increased year by year. However, K was deficient from 1993 to 2001 even though from 1999 to 2001 the K deficit decreased. The spatial analysis revealed higher N surpluses in the more developed southeastern provinces and lowest in the western and northern provinces where there was less chemical fertilizer input. The serious K deficit mainly occurred in Shanghai and Beijing municipalities, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Hubei provinces, and Xinjiang autonomous regions. For the years 1992, 1996 and 2001, N surpluses and K deficits had significant positive spatial correlations with per capita gross domestic product (GDP), per capita gross industrial output value, and per capita net income of rural households. This showed that the level of economic development played an important role on nutrient balances in the agroecosystems.
Key Words:  China, economic factors, NPK balance, spatial and temporal variability
Citation: Shen, R. P., Sun, B. and Zhao, Q. G. 2005. Spatial and temporal variability of N, P and K balances for agroecosystems in China. Pedosphere. 15(3): 347-355.
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