Pedosphere 14(1): 71--76, 2004
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2004 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Short-term influence of herbicide quinclorac on enzyme activities in flooded paddy soils
LÜ Zhen-Mei1, MIN Hang1 and YE Yang-Fang
College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029 (China). E-mail:
      The influence of quinclorac (3,7-dichloroquinoline-8-carboxylic acid) on enzyme activities in flooded paddy soils was assessed under laboratory conditions. The enzymes differed markedly in their response to quinclorac. Quinclorac inhibited proteinase, hydrogen peroxidase, phosphorylase, and urease activities. The higher the concentration of quinclorac applied, the more significant the inhibition to these observed activities with a longer time required to recover to the level of the control. However, soils supplemented with quinclorac were nonpersistent for proteinase, phosphorylase and urease as opposed to soils without quinclorac. Dehydrogenase activity was also sensitive to quinclorac. Three soil samples with concentrations of quinclorac higher than 1 μg g-1 soil declined to less than 20% of that in the control. However, the highest dehydrogenase activity (up to 3.28-fold) was detected in soils with 2 μg g-1 soil quinclorac on the 25th day after treatment. Quinclorac had a relatively mild effect on saccharase activity at the concentrations used in this experiment and a stimulatory one on soil respiration when added to soil at normal field concentrations. Nonetheless it was inhibited at higher concentrations in paddy soils. Quinclorac is still relatively safe to the soil ecosystem when applied at a normal concentration (0.67 μg g-1 dried soil) but may have some effects on soil enzymes at higher concentrations.
Key Words:  flooded paddy soil, quinclorac, soil enzyme activity, soil respiration
Citation: LÜ Zhen-Mei, Min, H. and Ye, Y. F. 2004. Short-term influence of herbicide quinclorac on enzyme activities in flooded paddy soils. Pedosphere. 14(1): 71-76.
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