Pedosphere 13(2): 97--102, 2003
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2003 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Effect of cultivation on spatial distribution of nematode trophic groups in black soil
LIANG Wen-Ju, LI Qi, JIANG Yong, CHEN Wen-Bo and WEN Da-Zhong
Shenyang Experimental Station of Ecology, Institute of Applied Ecology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China)
ABSTRACT
      Geostatistics combined with GIS was applied to assess the spatial distribution of nematode trophic groups following two contrasting soil uses in the black soil region of Northeast China. Two plots, one with fallow for 12 years and the other cultivated, were marked on regular square grids with 2-m spacing. Soil samples were collected from each sampling point, nematodes were extracted from these samples and classified into four trophic groups: bacterivores, fungivores, plant parasites, and omnivores/predators. The numbers of total nematodes and trophic groups analyzed had normal distributions on both fallow and cultivated plots. The absolute abundances of total nematodes and trophic groups were observed to be much more homogeneous on cultivated plot than on fallow one. Geostatistical analysis showed that the densities of total nematodes and trophic groups on both fallow and cultivated plots exhibited spatial dependence at the sampled scale and their experimental semivariograms were adjusted to a spherical or exponential model, except those of bacterivores and fungivores on cultivated plot. The spatial distribution of nematode trophic groups was found to be different for the two land uses, indicating that cultivation changed the native condition for soil nematode activities.
Key Words:  cultivation, GIS, soil nematode, spatial distribution, trophic group
Citation: Liang, W. J., Li, Q., Jiang, Y., Chen, W. B. and Wen, D. Z. 2003. Effect of cultivation on spatial distribution of nematode trophic groups in black soil. Pedosphere. 13(2): 97-102.
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