Pedosphere 6(3): 217--224, 1996
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©1996 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Transformation of iron and manganese in variable charge soils caused by submergence
PAN Shu-Zheng, SUN Han-Yuan, XU Ren-Kou and WU You-Xian
Institute of Soil Science, Academia Sinica, P. O. Box 821, Nanjing 21O008 (China)
      Two variable charge soils were submerged after the addition of 30g/kg of organic matter to examine the differences in behavior between iron and manganese with respect to reduction and the distribution of different forms of the reduced elements. The reduction of manganese proceeded almost synchronously with the fall in redox potential, while the reduction of iron showed a remarkable lag behind the Eh change. Once formed, the distribution of water-soluble, exchangeable and precipitated forms of ferrous iron was controlled by pH, CEC of the soil and total concentration of the element. For manganous ions, the proportions of water-soluble and exchangeable forms in total Mn2+ were larger than those for ferrous ions. The reduction of the two elements led to a mobilization of them, and such effect persisted even after drying of the soil, i.e., the content of amorphous Fe became higher than that of the original soil.
Key Words:  iron, manganese, submergence, transformation, vaxiable charge soils
Citation: Pan, S. Z., Sun, H. Y., Xu, R. K. and Wu, Y. X. 1996. Transformation of iron and manganese in variable charge soils caused by submergence. Pedosphere. 6(3): 217-224.
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