Pedosphere 21(1): 37--45, 2011
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2011 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
137Cs redistribution in thin stony soil of a carbonate rock slope in Southwest China
LI Hao1,2, ZHANG Xin-Bao1,3,4, WANG Ke-Lin4 and WEN An-Bang1
1 Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041 (China);
2 Graduate University, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China);
3 State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002 (China);
4 Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125 (China)
      The fallout radionuclide cesium-137(137Cs) has been widely employed as a tracer for assessment of soil loss from thick uniform soils;however, few studies have been conducted on thin stony soils on slopes underlain by carbonate rocks which are widely distributed in karst areas. Information derived from 137Cs measurement of soil samples collected along a carbonate rock slope with thin stony soil where neither soil erosion nor deposition occurred was used to investigate the characteristics of 137Cs redistribution in a karst area of Southwest China. The results indicated that the 137Cs inventories of the surface soil on the slope studied were much lower than that of the local 137Cs reference inventory and the 137Cs activities were much higher than those on slopes with thick uniform soils. The spatial distribution of 137Cs inventories was characterized by considerable variation. The high 137Cs depletion in the stony soil of the slope studied was mainly because a considerable proportion of the fallout input of 137Cs could be lost with runoff and the dissolution of carbonate particles in the soil promoted the loss of 137Cs. These demonstrated that the rates of soil loss could not be estimated from the degree of depletion of the 137Cs inventory relative to the local reference inventory for the thin stony soil of the rocky slope underlain by carbonate rocks in the study area in the way that has been widely used in areas with thick uniform soils.
Key Words:  carbonate dissolution, 137Cs fallout, 137Cs inventory, karst area, runoff
Citation: Li, H., Zhang, X. B., Wang, K. L. and Wen, A. B. 2011. 137Cs redistribution in thin stony soil of a carbonate rock slope in Southwest China. Pedosphere. 21(1): 37-45.
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