Pedosphere 25(1): 25--36, 2015
ISSN 1002-0160/CN 32-1315/P
©2015 Soil Science Society of China
Published by Elsevier B.V. and Science Press
Compost effect on diuron retention and transport in structured vineyard soils
M. THEVENOT1 and S. DOUSSET2
1UMR 6282 Biogéosciences, Université de Bourgogne-CNRS, 6 Bd Gabriel, Dijon 21000 (France)
2UMR 7360 LIEC, Université de Lorraine-CNRS, BP 70239, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy 54506 (France)
ABSTRACT
      Diuron is frequently detected in surface- and groundwater under the vineyards, where organic amendments are often used, in Burgundy of France. Undisturbed column experiments were conducted to study the influence of three composted organic amendments on diuron leaching through columns of two vineyard soils from Vosne-Romanée (VR, calcareous Cambisol) and Beaujolais (Bj, sandy Leptosol), France. Bromide (used as non-reactive tracer) and diuron breakthrough curves (BTCs) were analyzed using convectivedispersive equation (CDE), two-region (mobile-immobile, MIM) and two-site models. No influence of the composts was observed on the bromide recovery rates. The CDE model described well the bromide BTCs for all columns of the Bj soil and seven of the VR soil, suggesting a homogeneous water flow. However, for five VR soil columns, the MIM model fitted better, suggesting a partition of the water flow (15%–50% of matrix flow). The texture, the coarse material content and the tillage of the VR soil could explain this heterogeneity. However, for all columns, diuron leaching was greater through the Bj soil (46%–68%) than the VR soil (28%–39%). The compost addition resulted in a contrasting effect on diuron leaching: no difference or a decrease was observed for the VR soil, probably due to an increase of adsorption sites, whereas no difference or an increase was observed for the Bj soil possibly because of interactions and/or competition of diuron with the compost water-extractable organic matter which could facilitate its transport. All the diuron BTCs were best described using the two-site model, suggesting a large proportion of time-dependent sorption sites (30%–50%). The soil type and the nature of the amendments had contrasting influences on diuron transport. Composts with a high water-soluble fraction must be avoided in sandy soils to reduce the risk of groundwater contamination.
Key Words:  groundwater contamination, leaching, organic amendment, soil type, sorption, water-extractable organic matter
Citation: Thevenot, M. and Dousset, S. 2015. Compost effect on diuron retention and transport in structured vineyard soils. Pedosphere. 25(1): 25-36.
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